Nearly 70% of the world is covered by water, but only 2.5 percent of it is fresh and accessible for consumption. The rest of the water is either saline or ocean-based. Of all water present on the planet, freshwater just makes up a very small fraction of it. Water is one of the essential blocks of life and not only humans, but plants and animals also require water to survive. Even knowing the fact that we have only a small percent of water to consume, we ourselves contribute towards polluting it. We throw garbage, dump chemical wastes from factories into water and lakes thereby making the water impure for consumption.
If we start polluting water in the same way we are doing, very soon the coming generation would be facing the scarcity of it. So, it is high time that we come together this World Water Day and stand unite to preserve the water and tackle the water crisis ahead of time. The main theme of this year is to make use of nature-based solutions to reduce floods, droughts and water pollution and protect the ecosystem. There are different nature-based solutions to save water and these are mentioned below.
Nature-Based Solutions for Water
- Planting New Trees: Trees are lungs of the planet. They breathe in carbon dioxide and breathe out oxygen which we and other living beings need it to survive. Additionally, it also reduces the amount of stormwater runoff, thereby decreasing soil erosion and pollution in our waterways. It can also reduce the effects of flooding.
- Reconnecting Rivers to Floodplains: Reconnecting River to floodplains is another way to save and conserve water. By reconnecting floodplains you can provide room for rivers to get accommodated. Giving rivers more room would provide a number of benefits like access to groundwater, open space for agriculture and even habitat for fish and wildlife.
- Restore Wetlands: In India, it has been found that Wetland is a place where we dump garbage. We dump dam construction debris, discharge industrial wastes, and municipal sewage and this is how we change the wetland ecosystem and create pollution. But, by restoring the wetlands we can help rebalance the water cycle and at the same time improve human health and livelihoods.
- Rain Water Harvesting: It is another way to collect and store rainwater in natural reservoirs so that you can use it for future. Harvesting rainwater can help you face water crisis and that is by improving water supply and even food production.
These are the things that you can follow in order to tackle the water challenges. So, come let’s join hands towards saving the resources. Stop polluting the water and start cultivating a healthy way of life for a better tomorrow, brighter future.